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As demonstrated in countries with good health services, the availability of PCI leads to low abortion rates

Posted on May 21, 2022 at 7:50 AM Comments comments (0)



At present there is a high demand for PCI. The psychological distress experienced by women after unprotected intercourse while awaiting the onset of her next menses could be avoided with effective postcoital treatment. As demonstrated in countries with good health services, the availability of PCI leads to low abortion rates. PCI is designed for use as an emergency method after unprotected intercourse as an isolated incident. Women who have frequent intercourse however, do better to use a regular, very effective, method of contraception such as a combined oral contraceptive. Postcoital progestagens can well be used in infrequent intercourse since they are to be taken after each coitus, if applicable several times a month. Such use however leads to menstrual cycle disturbances and irregular bleedings. The estrogen-only and the estrogen-progestin combination are recommended, but need to be given within 2 or 3 days after the event of unprotected intercourse, preferably periovulatory. The latest development of the anti-progestins as a morning-after pill is promising. Taken from day 27 through 30 of the menstrual cycle it induces menstruation at the expected day. Side effects are minimal and the efficacy is good. Because of the imperfectness of PCI to prevent all pregnancies, sofar this regimen cannot be recommended for monthly use and does not replace regular oral contraceptives. PCI has a definite place in family-planning and fertility regulation. Since different methods are available today careful assessment of individual needs can help to decide for the best suitable method for the individual person.

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library



Similar articles

[Postcoital contraception with steroid hormones].

Köhler G, et al. Zentralbl Gynakol. 1984. PMID: 6437101 German.

Post coital contraception.

Haspels AA, et al. J Gynaecol Endocrinol. 1986. PMID: 12269214

[Post-coital contraception].

Serfaty D. Contracept Fertil Sex (Paris). 1985. PMID: 12280207 French.

Postcoital contraception: present and future options.

Derman SG, et al. J Adolesc Health. 1995. PMID: 7742340 Review.

Expanding access to emergency contraception in developing countries.

Ellertson C, et al. Stud Fam Plann. 1995. PMID: 8571440 Review

Now There's Two Sponsored Projects You Can Give A Tax Deductible Donation To At Dragonfly Kingdom Library/Dragonfly Kingdom International Service Agency

Posted on May 17, 2022 at 4:45 AM Comments comments (0)


Now There's Two Sponsored Projects You Can Give A Tax Deductible Donation To At Dragonfly Kingdom Library/Dragonfly Kingdom International Service Agency



Project 1



Bright Star Apothecary launches spin-off project Bright Star Apothecary Pop-up Clinic & Street Medic Service


Sponsored by Herbalists Without Borders


This project serves low income, housing insecure, marginalized, urbanized and rural individuals who are in need of additional nutritional support for health, harm reduction, detoxification. Counseling & Case Management available.


This project will soon be paired with Marco's Mini Spa for added therapeutic effectiveness including but not limited to, Music Therapy.


Your donation must be made through my Instagram page




or by mail to Herbalists Without Borders. If mailing your donation, be sure to note your funds are to be used exclusively for Bright Star Apothecary Pop-up Clinic/Street Medic Service and please send me a receipt/copy of that transaction.



Project 2


Urbanized to Herbanized



This project serves low income, housing insecure, marginalized, urbanized, food insecure individuals providing educational workshops on permaculture/edible landscaping and access to outdoor recreation, nature therapy, mindfulness and biodiversity training.



Sponsored by Permaculture Association of North East (P.A.N.)/Northeast Permaculture



Donations are only accepted by mail at this time, be sure to note your funds are to be used exclusively for Urbanized to Herbanized and please send me a receipt/copy of that transaction.


Send your donation to:




(formerly PINE)

P.O. Box 3461

Amherst, MA 01004-3461



If you do not care about receiving tax deduction for your donation and just want make a general donation to educational, interesting, fun projects, use the donate button here on the homepage at





You can also send Music specific donations to my Starving Artist Fund hosted by Spotify via Cash App, YFM WORLD, Twitter Tips (app only), Anchor FM, Amazing Radio (Donate or buy a song), Amazon (buy a song).








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Amazing Radio





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Thank you so much for your time and consideration.

Sahaj (Nature Yogi) Marco Andre

Nature Yogi Marco Andre Indulges In A Wide Pallet Of Sound Design

Posted on May 8, 2022 at 5:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Nature Yogi Marco Andre Indulges In A Wide Pallet Of Sound Design

From Yoga Meditation Soundscapes and Chillout Beats to Dance, EDM & Fitness Music, there's something for everyone by Nature Yogi Marco Andre and Marco's Clubhouse Podcast found on all major music streaming platforms......

 Read full article at

Calcium Channel Blockers As Birth Control For Men

Posted on May 6, 2022 at 5:55 AM Comments comments (0)

The effect of calcium ion channel blockers on sperm fertilization potential


Objective: To evaluate the effects of calcium ion (Ca2+) channel blockers on male fertility potential.

Design: A case comparison of the surface expression of mannose-ligand receptors on motile spermatozoa from 10 known fertile males and from 10 normospermic men taking Ca2+ channel blockers who were seeking infertility treatment. Examination of the effects of in vitro exposure of sperm from fertile donors (n = 14) to antihypertensive medications.

Setting: Patients from a successful university hospital-based IVF-assisted reproductive technology program and from a male urology private practice.

Interventions: Prescription of alternate hypotensive medications for four male patients; cholesterol loading and unloading in vitro of fertile donor sperm.

Main outcome measures: Motile sperm were tested for their ability to bind fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled, mannosylated bovine serum albumin as an index of the surface expression of mannose-ligand receptors associated with fertility potential. Acrosome status was simultaneously evaluated by fluorescence microscopy with rhodamine-labeled Pisum sativum lectin. Sperm were assayed before and after an 18-hour or 3-day incubation under capacitating conditions in vitro.

Results: Motile spermatozoa of normospermic men taking calcium antagonists for hypertension control do not express head-directed mannose-ligand receptors at high frequency, nor do they undergo spontaneous acrosome loss. Unexpectedly, mannose-ligand receptor translocation from the subplasmalemmal space over the acrosome to the sperm surface and aggregation over the equatorial-postacrosomal regions occurred in acrosome-intact sperm. This differs from fertile controls in whom receptor translocation to the equatorial-postacrosomal segment is coupled with the acrosome reaction (AR). Discontinuation of calcium antagonists results in complete recovery of parameters associated with sperm fertilizing potential: time-dependent increases in the percentages of spermatozoa exhibiting surface mannose-ligand binding and spontaneous ARs in vitro. The effects of in vivo administration of calcium antagonists is mimicked in control fertile donor sperm by inclusion of a Ca2+ channel blocker in the media employed during capacitating incubations.

Conclusions: Therapeutic administrations of calcium antagonists for hypertension control cause reversible male infertility associated with an IVF failure. A mechanism of inhibition of sperm fertilizing potential through insertion of lipophilic calcium ion antagonists into the lipid bilayer of the sperm plasma membrane is consistent with our in vitro studies.

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Other Medications Also Tied to Religious Vaccine Exemption. 30 common medications that used fetal cell lines.

Posted on May 6, 2022 at 4:20 AM Comments comments (0)

Sep. 18, 2021 -- A hospital system in Arkansas is requiring employees to confirm that they won’t use common medications — such as Tylenol, Tums, and Preparation H — to receive a religious exemption for the COVID-19 vaccine, according to Becker’s Hospital Review.


The Conway Regional Health System has required the flu shot annually as part of employment, but managers saw a spike in vaccine exemption requests for the COVID-19 vaccine.


“This was significantly disproportionate to what we’ve seen with the influenza vaccine,” Matt Troup, president and CEO of the health system, told Becker’s.


The majority of requests cited the use of fetal cell lines in the development of vaccines as part of the religious exemption. The practice uses cells grown in labs to test many new vaccines and drugs, including common antacids and cold medications.


“Thus, we provided a religious attestation form for those individuals requesting a religious exemption,” Troup said.


The hospital’s form includes a list of 30 common medications that used fetal cell lines during research and development. The list includes acetaminophen, albuterol, aspirin, ibuprofen, Tylenol, Pepto Bismol, Tums, Lipitor, Senokot, Motrin, Maalox, Ex-Lax, Benadryl, Sudafed, Preparation H, Claritin, Prilosec, and Zoloft......... Full article at https://www.webmd.com/vaccines/covid-19-vaccine/news/20210918/some-medications-also-tied-to-religious-vaccine-exemption

Have You Heard of MCS? May is MCS Awareness Month

Posted on April 22, 2022 at 6:50 AM Comments comments (0)
Have you heard of MCS? MCS stands for Multiple Chemical Sensitivity. MCS is also sometimes referred to as EI (Environmental Illness). It is estimated that 15% of the population has MCS; however, we rarely hear about it. I had never heard of it until I did a lot of research and figured out it was what I had. I so wish I would have known about MCS in the beginning. Unfortunately, many doctors are not aware of it either. MCS reactions can range from mild to severe. Personally, my reactions started off as mild. I didn’t even know I had a problem until it was too late. Unfortunately, since I dismissed my symptoms, they only progressed until they became debilitating. There isn’t an easy, one-time cure for MCS. However, I’m happy to say that I am better today than I once was. Still, I believe I will always have to take precautions regarding toxins as certain chemicals and neurotoxins can still create horrible symptoms, but I can recover more quickly. To those of you with MCS, I can say after many doctors, supplements, trial and error, it is possible to live a more “normal” life. It has been a very difficult road to go down, but there can be a light at the end of the tunnel if you muster up enough strength to do the research.


May is MCS Awareness Month

May is MCS Awareness Month and May 12 is designated as International Awareness Day. International Awareness Day brings awareness for Chronic Immunological and Neurological Diseases (CIND). The CIND illnesses include Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), Fibromyalgia (FM), Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS).

I am thankful for those organizations, such as MCS-Aware who provide helpful information about MCS. Also for Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families and Women’s Voices for the Earth who are trying to get harmful chemicals out of products. I am thankful to those manufacturers and retailers who are finally saying “enough is enough” and are providing non-toxic options.......... https://www.livingnaturaltoday.com/have-you-heard-of-mcs-may-is-mcs-awareness-month/

study of Brazilian skulls ranging from 11,000 to 7,500 years old has revealed that they have more in common with Aboriginal Australians and Melanesians than modern Native Americans

Posted on April 8, 2022 at 8:45 AM Comments comments (0)

Some of the first Americans may have been Australians. A new study of Brazilian skulls ranging from 11,000 to 7,500 years old has revealed that they have more in common with Aboriginal Australians and Melanesians than modern Native Americans.

"The earliest Americans are very different from nowadays Indians or later archaeological material," says Walter Neves of the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, co-author of the study that is being published online this week by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "We are proposing that the Americas were populated by waves of humans."


Neves and his colleague Mark Hubbe studied skulls found in the Lagoa Santa region of central Brazil, an area riddled with caves. Since 1842, at least 250 ancient human skeletons ranging from ancient to nearly modern have turned up there. The scientists dated 22 of the oldest specimens by measuring their isotopes and found them to be between 8,500 and 7,500 years old.


The researchers then enlarged this sample by including all remains buried in a similar fashion--in shallow graves covered with small blocks of limestone or quartz--which they presume to hail from the same time period as the dated material. They ended up with 55 well preserved skulls that fit the criteria and compared them with standardized skull measurements of more than 2,500 modern humans. By comparing the size and shape of the skulls as well as their noses and eye sockets, Neves found that the oldest Brazilian specimens most closely resembled the skulls of the Tolai people of New Britain in Papua New Guinea, followed by other Australo-Melanesians. The closest match among modern Native Americans are Eskimos. "Eskimos get close because they are one of the few American Indians to have a long skull," Neves explains.

This broader skull data seems to support Neves' theory that two distinct waves of people populated the Americas, perhaps both crossing the Bering Strait during different periods. But recent genetic studies have been interpreted to indicate only one such migration. "DNA lineages are often lost during the course of evolution, even in short periods of time," Neves counters. "Today, no South American native group presents the X [mitochondrial DNA] lineage, which is universal among North American native groups. However, DNA extracted a few years ago from human skeletons from the Brazilian Amazon, dated to only a couple thousand years ago, showed clearly that the X lineage was present in South America."....... https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/skulls-suggest-differing/

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Honeybee venom can cure breast cancer, study finds

Posted on April 6, 2022 at 9:30 AM Comments comments (0)

The cancer community is buzzing over a new study that says venom from bees can kill cancer cells.

Scientists at the Harry Perkins Institute of Medical Research in Western Australia tested venom from more than 300 honeybees and bumblebees against two types of aggressive, hard to treat breast cancer: triple negative and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) enriched. They found that a compound in the venom called melittin could destroy breast cancer cells within an hour, without causing harm to other cells. They also found that when used in conjunction with chemotherapy drugs, the melittin helped formed pores in the cancer cell membrane which could potentially allow therapies to better penetrate the cells........ 


Despite decades of study, the molecular mechanisms and selectivity of the biomolecular components of honeybee (Apis mellifera) venom as anticancer agents remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that honeybee venom and its major component melittin potently induce cell death, particularly in the aggressive triple-negative and HER2-enriched breast cancer subtypes. Honeybee venom and melittin suppress the activation of EGFR and HER2 by interfering with the phosphorylation of these receptors in the plasma membrane of breast carcinoma cells...... https://www.nature.com/articles/s41698-020-00129-0

India: Ministry of Defence has decided to operationalise Ayurveda Centres at 37 Cantonment Hospitals

Posted on March 31, 2022 at 8:35 AM Comments comments (0)


37 Cantonment Hospitals to start Ayurveda clinics from May 01, 2022

Posted On: 30 MAR 2022 6:03PM by PIB Delhi

With a view to provide benefits of Indian traditional Ayurveda System of medicine to a wider clientele, Ministry of Defence has decided to operationalise Ayurveda Centres at 37 Cantonment Hospitals across the country from May 01, 2022.


The decision was taken at a recent high level meeting held between the Defence Secretary Dr Ajay Kumar and the Secretary Ministry of AYUSH, Vaidya Rakesh Kotecha. The move will make available well-established and time-tested therapies of Ayurveda to the residents of Cantonments including Armed Forces personnel, their families and civilians availing health services from these hospitals.


To support this initiative, Ministry of AYUSH is providing skilled AYUSH Doctors and Pharmacists to these 37 Cantonment Hospitals. It has also been decided that officials of Directorate General of Defence Estates (DGDE), Ministry of Defence and Ministry of AYUSH would work in close collaboration to make these 37 Ayurveda Centres functional......

Indexed for Ministry of Ayush India, by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi favor invasive Echinops sphaerocephalus when grown in competition with native Inula conyzae

Posted on March 29, 2022 at 6:00 AM Comments comments (0)


In a globalized world, plant invasions are common challenges for native ecosystems. Although a considerable number of invasive plants form arbuscular mycorrhizae, interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and invasive and native plants are not well understood. In this study, we conducted a greenhouse experiment examining how AM fungi affect interactions of co-occurring plant species in the family Asteracea, invasive Echinops sphaerocephalus and native forb of central Europe Inula conyzae. The effects of initial soil disturbance, including the effect of intact or disturbed arbuscular mycorrhizal networks (CMNs), were examined. AM fungi supported the success of invasive E. sphaerocephalus in competition with native I. conyzae, regardless of the initial disturbance of CMNs. The presence of invasive E. sphaerocephalus decreased mycorrhizal colonization in I. conyzae, with a concomitant loss in mycorrhizal benefits. Our results confirm AM fungi represent one important mechanism of plant invasion for E. sphaerocephalus in semi-natural European grasslands........

Indexed for Nature Journal by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Does sex count as exercise?

Posted on March 29, 2022 at 5:25 AM Comments comments (0)

Sex is often referred to as the breakfast of champions, and breakfast is commonly called the most important meal of the day. So does that mean you can have sex for breakfast? If that’s the case, then one thing is for sure: if we’re lucky to ‘eat’ breakfast daily, we’d all be assured of losing weight.

Okay, so it’s fair to say that sex may be the food of love, but, strictly speaking, it’s not food. Lately, though, I have read a few studies that claim that, while sex may not be considered a meal, it could possibly be considered exercise. So, how does that work?

Studies from a book called Human Sexual Response published in the 1960s found that the body’s response to sex is comparable to exercise, with ‘participants’ showing increased respiratory and heart rates, as well as higher (but still healthy) blood pressure. These are all signs of the body working at an elevated rate similar to when you exercise.

According to www.fitday.com, research shows that women who exercise regularly lead more active sex lives, can climax quicker and are more easily aroused in general. And being fit also means that you can afford to have a more adventurous sex life. But what about the sex itself?

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Depending on the vigour of your lovemaking, sex can have the same effect as an intense workout: you burn calories, strengthen muscles, stretch parts of your body you normally would not, and increase your heart rate along with your metabolic rate – again, all signs that are similar to exercise. However, an average cardio session lasts around half an hour, so, unless you’re a dynamo between the sheets, you’re most likely not getting the same benefits..........


Posted on March 15, 2022 at 10:10 AM Comments comments (0)

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Exercise Strategy, Fitness As Detox: Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Sweat. -- Underground Intelligence Muscle & Fitness

Posted on March 13, 2022 at 5:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Sweat: A Systematic Review

Margaret E. Sears, Kathleen J. Kerr, and Riina I. Bray




Arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury exposures are ubiquitous. These toxic elements have no physiological benefits, engendering interest in minimizing body burden. The physiological process of sweating has long been regarded as “cleansing” and of low risk. Reports of toxicant levels in sweat were sought in Medline, Embase, Toxline, Biosis, and AMED as well as reference lists and grey literature, from inception to March 22, 2011. Of 122 records identified, 24 were included in evidence synthesis.

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Populations, and sweat collection methods and concentrations varied widely. In individuals with higher exposure or body burden, sweat generally exceeded plasma or urine concentrations, and dermal could match or surpass urinary daily excretion. Arsenic dermal excretion was severalfold higher in arsenic-exposed individuals than in unexposed controls. Cadmium was more concentrated in sweat than in blood plasma. Sweat lead was associated with high-molecular-weight molecules, and in an interventional study, levels were higher with endurance compared with intensive exercise. Mercury levels normalized with repeated saunas in a case report. Sweating deserves consideration for toxic element detoxification. Research including appropriately sized trials is needed to establish safe, effective therapeutic protocols.


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1. Introduction

No person is without some level of toxic metals in their bodies, circulating and accumulating with acute and chronic lifetime exposures. An individual may take numerous measures to minimize exposures and to optimize metabolism and excretion of toxic elements in the stool and urine with diet, supplements, and chelation therapy [1, 2]; however, an often overlooked route of excretion of toxicants is via the process of sweating [3].


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Sweating with heat and/or exercise has been viewed throughout the ages, by groups worldwide, as “cleansing.” As part of a scoping review regarding arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury, we reviewed the scientific literature pertaining to toxicant excretion in sweat.........

Indexed for Journal For Environmental & Public Health by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Mysterious link between people from South America and Australia

Posted on March 9, 2022 at 7:40 AM Comments comments (0)

Two DNA studies show that South Americans have an unexpected link to indigenous people of Australia and Melanesia, but disagree on how and when the Americas were populated....... https://sciencenordic.com/ancient-dna-denmark-gene-research/mysterious-link-between-people-from-south-america-and-australia/1420544

North America may have once been attached to Australia, according to research

Posted on March 9, 2022 at 7:40 AM Comments comments (0)

North America is a key component in reconstructions of many former supercontinents, and there are strong geological associations between the western United States and Australia, which is one of the world’s leading mineral producers.

In this study, Jones and others synthesized mineral age data from ancient sedimentary rocks in the Trampas and Yankee Joe basins of Arizona and New Mexico. They found that the ages of many zircon crystals—mineral grains that were eroded from other rocks and embedded in the sedimentary deposits—were approximately 1.6 to 1.5 billion years old, an age range that does not match any known geologic age provinces in the entire western United States.

This surprising result actually mirrors previous studies of the Belt-Purcell basin (located in Montana, Idaho and parts of British Columbia, Canada) and a recently recognized basin in western Yukon, Canada, in which many zircon ages between 1.6 and 1.5 billion years old are common despite the absence of matching potential source rocks of this age.

However, the distinctive zircon ages in all three study locations do match the well known ages of districts in Australia and, to a slightly lesser known extent, Antarctica.

This publication marks the first time a complete detrital mineral age dataset has been compiled to compare the Belt basin deposits to strata of similar age in the southwestern United States. “Though the basins eventually evolved along very different trajectories, they have a shared history when they were first formed,” said Jones. “That history gives us clues as to what continents bordered western North America 1.5 billion years ago.”........

Indexed for USGS by Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Researchers Find a Chunk of North America Stuck to Australia

Posted on March 9, 2022 at 7:30 AM Comments comments (0)

Anyone who's taken the epic plane flight from North America to Australia knows that Oz is very, very far away. But that wasn't always the case. And a new study suggests that the northern tip of Queensland, Australia was actually once a hunk of North America, reports Naaman Zhou at The Guardian.

Geologists from Curtin University in Perth, Australia, examined rock samples from the area around Georgetown in northern Queensland. Their analysis suggests that these rocks have chemical signatures very different from rocks found in the rest of Australia, and are quite similar to rocks found in Canada.......

Indexed for Smithsonian Magazine by Dragonfly Kingdom Library