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Music in the family: music making and music therapy with young children and their families. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on July 27, 2021 at 1:00 PM Comments comments ()


Songs and singing games are a healthy part of young children's social, emotional and cognitive development. Such shared music making can facilitate and strengthen relationships between parents and children. Family health workers can encourage carers' informal uses of music with their children. In cases of developmental delay, disability, severe illness or family stress, music can continue to have a significant role in supporting children and parents. In some cases referral to specialist music therapy services may be appropriate for assessment and/or treatment.


or choose your favorite music streaming platform at https://songwhip.com/natureyogimarcoandre


Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Vitamin B12 supplementation improves rates of sustained viral response in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus

Posted on July 17, 2021 at 11:40 AM Comments comments ()


Background: In vitro, vitamin B12 acts as a natural inhibitor of hepatitis C virus (HCV) replication.


Objective: To assess the effect of vitamin B12 on virological response in patients with chronic HCV hepatitis naïve to antiviral therapy.


Methods: Ninety-four patients with chronic HCV hepatitis were randomly assigned to receive pegylated interferon α plus ribavirin (standard-of-care; SOC) or SOC plus vitamin B12 (SOC+B12). Viral response-namely, undetectable serum HCV-RNA, was evaluated 4 weeks after starting treatment (rapid viral response), 12 weeks after starting treatment (complete early viral response) and 24 or 48 weeks after starting treatment (end-of-treatment viral response) and 24 weeks after completing treatment (sustained viral response (SVR)). Genotyping for the interleukin (IL)-28B polymorphism was performed a posteriori in a subset (42/64) of HCV genotype 1 carriers.


Results: Overall, rapid viral response did not differ between the two groups, whereas the rates of complete early viral response (p=0.03), end-of-treatment viral response (p=0.03) and SVR (p=0.001) were significantly higher in SOC+B12 patients than in SOC patients. In SOC+B12 patients, the SVR rate was also significantly higher in carriers of a difficult-to-treat genotype (p=0.002) and in patients with a high baseline viral load (p=0.002). Distribution of genotype IL-28B did not differ between the two groups. At multivariate analysis, only easy-to-treat HCV genotypes (OR=9.00; 95% CI 2.5 to 37.5; p=0.001) and vitamin B12 supplementation (OR=6.9; 95% CI 2.0 to 23.6; p=0.002) were independently associated with SVR.


Conclusion: Vitamin B12 supplementation significantly improves SVR rates in HCV-infected patients naïve to antiviral therapy.

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Colloidal Gold. - Bright Star Apothecary Complimentary Integrative & Alternative Medicine at Dragonfly Kingdom International Service Agency

Posted on June 22, 2021 at 8:00 AM Comments comments ()
Colloidal gold is a suspension of gold particles in a fluid. In ancient times, it was originally used as a method of staining glass. It has also been used in Hindu Chemistry for various potions. In 1842, John Herschel invented a photographic process that used gold to record images on paper. This was known as Chrysotype, from the Greek word for gold. As you can see, gold has been used throughout centuries for many things.

The use of gold for medicinal and healing purposes came from Alexandria, Egypt. The Egyptians ingested gold for mental, bodily and spiritual purification. Gold has also been used to reduce dependency on alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, and carbohydrates. Here at Purest Colloids, we believe in a better and healthier life. That is why we offer colloidal gold and other colloidal metals. We want you to feel your very best and life a life with the minerals and supplements you need to live healthy every day.

We are a New Jersey based company who offers you many colloidal gold products. We are an exclusive worldwide producer of Mesocolloids. We believe in living the life you always wanted and we are here to help you do that with the availability of minerals and supplements that your body does not necessarily get every day. We engage in the research and manufacture of high quality nanoparticle metal colloids. Many years of research have gone into the development of the processes used to make these colloidal products. Our research and development is ongoing in order to keep our products on the forefront of quality and effectiveness.

Spiritual Fitness: A New Dimension in Alzheimer's Disease Prevention. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library/Spiritual Sports Medicine & Nutrition

Posted on June 22, 2021 at 7:50 AM Comments comments ()


Background: Religious and spiritual interventions may have an effect on Alzheimer's disease prevention. Kirtan Kriya meditation has been shown to mitigate the deleterious effects of chronic stress on cognition, reverse memory loss, and create psychological and spiritual wellbeing, which may reduce multiple drivers of Alzheimer's disease risk.


Objective: To detail a new concept in medicine called Spiritual Fitness, a merging of stress reduction, basic wellbeing, and psycho/spiritual wellbeing to prevent Alzheimer's disease.


Methods: The literature on the topics mentioned above is described, including an in-depth discussion on why and how each are critical to advancing the future of Alzheimer's disease prevention. The many negative effects of chronic stress, and the benefits of Kirtan Kriya, are reviewed. The four pillars of basic wellbeing, six practical aspects of psychological wellbeing, and the four new non-sectarian features of spiritual fitness are then disclosed. Moreover, instructions on practicing Kirtan Kriya are offered in the Supplementary Material.


Conclusion: Religious and spiritual practices, including Kirtan Kriya, are crucial components in the development of enhanced cognition and well-being, which may help prevent and, in some cases, reverse cognitive decline. The key point of this review is that making a commitment to live a brain longevity lifestyle including spiritual fitness is a critically important way for aging Alzheimer's disease free. We hope that this article will inspire scientists, clinicians, and patients to embrace this new concept of spiritual fitness and make it a part of every multidomain program for the prevention of cognitive disability.


Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease prevention; kirtan kriya meditation; neurotheology; peace of mind; psychological well-being; purpose in life; spiritual fitness; spiritual well-being; spiritual/religious involvement; unlimited love 

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library 


Silver may be useful as an antimicrobial laundry additive to decontaminate healthcare laundry washed at low temperatures in domestic and industrial settings

Posted on June 20, 2021 at 10:20 AM Comments comments ()
Silver may be useful as an antimicrobial laundry additive to decontaminate healthcare laundry washed at low temperatures in domestic and industrial settings

Aims: To repurpose a silver-based antimicrobial textile coating product (Micro-Fresh 1911) as a dual-function antimicrobial laundry additive and textile coating.

Methods and results: Survival of Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus type and clinical isolates in a domestic 40°C wash was assessed with and without soiling and biological detergent. Washing with 2% w/v silver additive (wash phase) reduced E. coli and S. aureus by 7·14-8·08 log10 and no cross-contamination was observed. Under dirty conditions, 0·5% silver additive in the rinse phase of a wash with biological detergent reduced E. coli and S. aureus by 7·98-8·40 log10 (0·00-1·42 log10 cross contamination). BS EN ISO 20645:2004 and BS EN ISO 20743:2013 methods were used to assess the antimicrobial activity of polycotton washed with 2% w/v silver additive against S. aureus and E. coli. The treated polycotton was antimicrobial against E. coli and S. aureus type and clinical isolates and remains active after at least one further wash cycle at 40 or 73°C.

Conclusions: The silver additive exhibits antimicrobial activity in a 40°C domestic wash, preventing cross contamination onto clean textiles and depositing an antimicrobial coating onto polycotton.

Significance and impact of the study: The survival of micro-organisms on healthcare uniforms during domestic laundering presents a potential risk of contaminating the home, cross-contamination of other clothing within the wash and transmitting potential pathogens back into healthcare settings via contaminated uniforms. Silver may be useful as an antimicrobial laundry additive to decontaminate healthcare laundry washed at low temperatures in domestic and industrial settings, to therefore reduce the potential risk of transmitting micro-organisms within the domestic and clinical environments.

Keywords: Escherichia coli; Staphylococcus aureus; antimicrobial textile; cross contamination; decontamination; healthcare laundry; laundry additive

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library

The potential contributing role of stealth virus infections in children presenting with behavioral problems needs to be addressed. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on June 16, 2021 at 12:20 AM Comments comments ()

An infectious illness, attributed to atypically structured cytopathic "stealth" viruses, occurred in 1996 in the Mohave Valley region of the United States. A stealth virus-infected child from this region has developed a severe noninflammatory, vacuolating (spongiform) en cephalopathy. The illness initially presented as a behavioral problem without overt neurological signs. Extensive investigations, including repeated magnetic resonance imaging, two brain biopsies, and stealth virus cultures, have helped define the disease process occurring in this child. Significant clinical benefit with apparent retardation of disease progression occurred during a 6-week course of ganciclovir therapy. The potential contributing role of stealth virus infections in children presenting with behavioral problems needs to be addressed.

Indexed for Europe PMC by Dragonfly Kingdom Library 


The association of red meat consumption and mental health in women: A cross-sectional study. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library/Bright Star Apothecary Harm Reduction Initiative Research at Dragonfly Kingdom International Service Agency

Posted on May 16, 2021 at 8:30 AM Comments comments ()

The association of red meat consumption and mental health in women: A cross-sectional study



Women in highest quartile of red meat had a higher risk of depression compared with those in the lowest quartile.


There was significant positive association between red meat intake and anxiety in women.


Women in highest quartile of red meat had a higher incidence of distress compared with those in the lowest quartile.

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Previous studies have shown that red meat consumption has beneficial effects on health. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between red meat consumption and depression, anxiety and psychological distress in Tehrani women.



In this cross-sectional study, 482 women aged 20-50 years old referred to the health centers of Tehran University of Medical Sciences in 2018 were selected by multistage cluster sampling. The usual dietary intake was evaluated using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire containing 168 items that its validity and reliability were approved previously. The red meat category was defined as the sum of red meats (beef, lamb), and organ meats (beef liver, kidney, and heart, ruminant meat). Psychological disorders were assessed using a validated Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scales (DASS) questionnaires with 21-items. In the logistic regression analysis, the results were adjusted to the confounding factors.



The mean age of the study participants was 31.87 ± 7.6 years. The prevalence of depressive symptoms, anxiety and psychological distress among participants was 34%, 40% and 42%, respectively. After controlling for potential confounders, women in the highest quartile of red meat had a highest prevalence of depressive symptoms (OR: 2.51; 95% CI: 1.32–4.76; p = 0.002), anxiety (OR: 1.82; 95% CI: 1.00–3.29; p = 0.034) and stress (OR: 3.47; 95% CI: 1.88–6.42; p < 0.001) compared with those in the lowest quartile.



We found a significant association between red meat intake and mental health in women. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings.........

Indexed for Science Direct by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Ancient Sanskrit Inscriptions in Strange Places. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on May 3, 2021 at 9:15 AM Comments comments ()

Mulavarman’s inscription in Jakarta Museum


Old Sanskrit inscriptions are found around the world in strange places! Sanskrit is the only language in the world to have inscriptions around the world covering a vast geographical area and covering a long historical period. Rig Veda is dated around 1500 BC. This book is in Vedic Sanskrit like Sangam Tamil literature is in ancient Tamil. There are hundreds of Sanskrit inscriptions in Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma, China, Russia, Indonesia and Malaysia. The inscriptions are in different scripts. In India we have Rudradaman’s inscription (150 AD) in Nagari script.

The inscriptions are not only in big cities but also in dark, thick tropical forests of Borneo and a Christian church in Malaysia as well. Mulavarman, a fourth century king did a Yagna and installed seven Yupa posts to commemorate it in Borneo island of Indonesia. It was discovered in an area covered by very thick forests. Egypt, Turkey, Syria, Iran and other Muslim countries have some written documents in the form of letters, manuals or inscriptions where in Sanskrit names or words figure prominently. Rama’s father was Dasaratha is a well known fact. But before him there were three or four Dasarathas and one of them ruled part of Syria ! He gave his daughters in marriage to an Egyptian pharaoh and wrote many letters to him!

According to many scholars, Mahabharata war was fought on Indian soil in and around 1500 BC (Hindus believe it was before 3102 BC) .At the same time there was a Dasaratha (Spelt Thusratta) ruling Syria/Turkey area which are Muslim countries now. That kingdom was called Mittanni (Mitra is one of the names of Surya). We have the Mittanni kings name in Sanskrit. It shows that Sanskrit language existed from the eastern corner of India to Egypt in Africa 3500 years ago. Dasaratha’s letters are very interesting to read. His daughters name are in Sanskrit and they were married to Egyptian King Amenothep (may be Amana Devan ).

We have even recovered a Horse Training Manual written in 1350 BC with Sanskrit words! For thousands of years horses and elephants were trained using only Sanskrit words. Sangam Tamil book Mullaipaatu mentions that elephants were trained by using Sanskrit words in Tamilnadu (Mullaipattau lines 32-36)

The horse manual written by Kikkuli ( Aswa Sena) runs to 1080 lines on clay tablets. Though it is written in Hittite language the numerals Aika,Tera,Pancha, Satta, Nava vartaana (1,3,5,7,9 intervals) and words for colours are in Sanskrit.

Vedic Gods in Muslim country!

We have the Vedic Gods name in an agreement in Bogazkoy in Turkey . This agreement was written by Hittite King Suppililiuma and Mittannian king Matiwaza (may be Mathi vachanan). The amazing thing about the agreement is the Vedic gods names Indra, Mitra, Varuna, Nasatyas (Aswins ) all are in the same order as in Rig Veda. Not even the order was changed. It shows that Vedas were used from the plains of Ganges to the land of Syria and Turkey at the same time- 1380 BC! In Vietnam (Champa in olden days) the Pandyan King’s name Sri Maran is found on an inscription. Sri Maran is a Sanskrit word for Thirumaran (We have one Muda Thiru Maran in Sangam Tamil literature). Please find more details in my article The Pandya King who ruled Vietnam.

In Karatepe ( In Turkey) we have found a long inscription which ended like Indian inscriptions. It is dated 850 BC. Those who deliver Indian religious discourses very often use a phrase, “so long as the sun and moon shines, this will survive——-“. Karatepe inscription finished with these lines which showed Indian influence.

13. Now, if a king among kings, or a prince among princes,
14. or any man who is a man of renown, gives
15. orders for the name of Azitiwada to be effaced from the statue
16. of this god, and puts up his own name, or more than that, if he
17. this city and says, I will make
18. another statue and put my own name on it, and the
19. statue of the god which Azitiwada made, (that of)
20. Baal KRNTRYÅ , which is at the king’s entrance in(to)
25. ……….[Only may the name]
26. of Azitiwada last for ever like the name
27. of the sun and the moon!

Thusratta’s letter to Egyptian king in Cuneiform script

(The Egyptian King who installed only one God was called Aknaten (Eka Nathan= One God)! The Egyptian river Blue Nile was named after the Sanskrit colour Nila=blue! The word Syria is nothing but Surya (sun). Hurrian is also Suryan (sun). Iran is nothing but Aryan).

In Nepal Kings of Lichavi dynasty had issued more than 85 Sanskrit inscriptions between 463 AD to 770 AD. There were more than 3000 slokas in the inscriptions. In Rudradaman inscription we have beautiful slokas. It shows that people around the world, whether it is Cambodia or Indonesia or Nepal knew bombastic, stylish and ornamental Sanskrit language. All these inscriptions maintain high standards. Art Historian Sri C Sivaramamurti has shown how the greatest playwright Kalidasa had influenced these inscriptions from 2nd century AD.

Tamil inscriptions were also found in South East Asia. But whatever the language, if it is Indian language, it can’t be written without a Sanskrit word.

All the Asokan and all the Tamil inscriptions have Sanskrit words. Prakrit is the spoken form of Sanskrit. In Sanskrit dramas women and clowns speak in Prakrit. Kings, ministers and high ranking officials speak in Sanskrit. Dharma in Sanskrit will be Dhamma in Pali. I have already written that there is no ancient Tamil work without a Sanskrit word.

Sanskrit in Church!

Catholic pilgrims in Malaysia go on a pilgrimage to Bukit Mertajam in Penang. They send petitions and thanks giving at the church of St Anne on 26th July every year. Inside the church complex is the Cherok Tok Kun Inscription in Sanskrit. Unfortunately only a French historian copied it and published it in French. So we did not have the full text.

So called scholars of western countries were partial when they dealt with Sanskrit. They invented new theories like Indo European, Indo Iranian, Indo Aryan ,Ancient, Middle, Later and confused the people. They did not use it for Hebrew, Greek or Tamil. Old Testament or Old Hebrew literature, Iliad and Odyssey, Sangam Tamil Literature were all written in the ancient or archaic forms of the respective languages. No Tamil could understand Sangam literature without commentaries. The spellings for the same Tamil names are different in Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry and Mauritius even today. Dhamayanthy and Subramaniam are written with four different spellings by four different Tamil communities!! But they don’t call themselves different people. But if it is Sanskrit, there will be 100 theories about it!

B. B Lal (Former Director General of Archaeological Survey of India) has shown that Indians migrated to West Asia and established Kingdoms like Mittanni 3500 years ago. Baudayana Srautasutra (18.44) mentions it. In the same way Agastya and Kaundinya led another group of Indians to South East Asia to establish Hindu kingdoms (Please read my article Did Agastya Drink ocean? And How old is Indian Civilization? )

Baudhāyana Śrautasūtra (18.44) Reference:

Pra-n.a-yauh. pravavra-ja tasyaite Kuru–Pan~cha-la-h. Ka-śi- -Videha- ity etad A-yavam pravrājam. Pratyan. Ama-vasus tasyaite Ga-ndha-rayas Parśvo Ara-t.t.a– ity etad A-ma-vasavam

Tamil Reference:

தேம் படு கவுள சிறு கண் யானை
ஓங்கு நிலைக் கரும்பொடு, கதிர் மிடைந்து யாத்த,

வயல் விளை, இன் குளகு உண்ணாது, நுதல் துடைத்து,
அயில் நுனை மருப்பின் தம் கையிடைக் கொண்டென,
கவை முட் கருவியின், வடமொழி பயிற்றி – முல்லைப்பாட்டு (35- 36).....

Indexed for Tamil and Vedas
A blog exploring themes in Tamil and vedic literature

NEW THEORY ABOUT THE HIEROGLYPHS AND SANSKRIT by Andrea Portunato (2016). - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on May 3, 2021 at 9:05 AM Comments comments ()


by Andrea Portunato (2016)




On this page we present a new theory concerning Egyptian hieroglyphics. According to my hypothesis, the hieroglyphic and the Sanskrit would have a common root, so that it would be possible to read (at least in part) the hieroglyphs using the Sanskrit.


The hieroglyphs are a model for writing adopted in Egypt from 3000 BC and used until the time of Roman rule.

The ancient Greeks and Romans had no problems with the understanding of hieroglyphics. During the rule of the Ptolemies (305 BC - 30 BC), dynasty of Macedonian origin, and under the rule of the Roman emperors (from 30 BC) hieroglyphics were still used.


For example, the Rosetta Stone, famous because it allowed the beginning of the study of hieroglyphs, bears the inscription of a decree of Pharaoh Ptolemy V Epiphanes (210 BC - 180 BC), in three different spellings: hieroglyphic, demotic and greek.

From the second century A.D. spread in Egypt Coptic, language that adopted the characters of the greek alphabet. With the concomitant spread of Christianity the ancient hieroglyphic symbols, too attached to the ancient religion, were finally abandoned bringing oblivion of their meaning.

From the seventh century, with the expansion of Islam, also the Coptic, was used less and less in favor of Arabic.

The modern study of hieroglyphs start at the beginning of the 19th century using the knowledge on Coptic language, which had preserved because used as the official language of the Coptic Orthodox Church.


To tackle a subject as complicated as the deciphering of hieroglyphics, we start from a simple word: "EGYPT"


hieroglyph WING


hieroglyph OWL


hieroglyph DAM

hieroglyph ALL


KHME (form Coptic)


KM (pron. kèm)






shred of crocodile skin with scales










According to the Coptic sources, Egypt was called KMET (in Coptic alphabet KHME) and its transcription in hieroglyphics is that I show above.

Attributing to each hieroglyphic a letter, as you can see, it was identified the phonetic values of each.

According to this interpretation, the "poor" ancient Egyptians had to write it 4 signs only to utter a single syllable (KME).

According to the most popular version, the etymology of the word comes from "black soils" (KME = "the black") referred to the muddy area around the Nile.


We know from written sources that the Greeks and Romans on the contrary called it Egypt (Àigüptos in greek and Aegyptus in Latin).

As this name, Egypt, is very different from that Coptic, KME, according to the current hypothesis, it could derive from the words in ancient Egyptian "Hwt-ka-Ptah (?wt-k-pt?)" ie the "home of the ka of Ptah", the name given to a temple of the god Ptah at Memphis.

According to this interpretation the Ancient Egyptians, to indicate their country, said Kmt (the-black) and the Greeks instead Aegiptos (the-house-of-god-ptah).

As if a foreigner, instead of England, called all the country "St-Paul's-Cathedral", such as the famous church in London.




Reading using Sanskrit.


We resume the hieroglyphs.

In another of my research, I discovered that the sound K (also in its phonetic variants C and G) is present in the names related to birds in many languages (eg Italian oca, duck, etc.).

I thought it was strange that the drawing of the owl, in the ancient Egyptian, had rather sound "M" and "K" was reserved for the first symbol (described as the crocodile skin).

I also noticed that some names of birds of prey in different languages have within them sound similar to those of CIVetta (owl in Italian): in italian GHEPpio (a type of falcon), GIPeto (a type of vulture) and GUFo (long-eared owl), in Latin acCIPiter, the vulture, in Hindi uKAB (the eagle) while in Maghreb uQAAB is the hawk.

At the same time I noticed that, in the word aeGYPtus, the second syllable is GIP.

I wondered: what if the Egyptians called the owl with a name similar to italian CIVetta?

Then, try to insert GYP for the second hieroglyph and others of Ae-gyp-tus as a consequence.


hieroglyph WING


hieroglyph OWL


hieroglyph DAM

hieroglyph ALL


















What could it mean EGYPT written in this way?

Let's try to interpret the hieroglyphics in a symbolic way.



hieroglyph WING


hieroglyph OWL


hieroglyph MILLSTONE


hieroglyph TOWN















united bird feathers, together)



(controlled, Governor, Government)






(arms folder across the chest, all the people)


set/union "political" of the cities/people




The first, AE, reminds wing (latin Ala). Not a single bird feather, but all together, so we assume that it means "together".

The second, GY, is clearly an owl. I remembered that the owl was often captured and tied to a pole, for an ancient hunting technique (if the other birds see the owl does not run away and then you can hunt. For example, see the "Feather Book of Dionisio Minaggio" picture (Milan 1618) of an hunter carrying a tethered owl.). From which CAPta (captured) and COPula (join) in Latin, GABbia (cage) in Italian, the word tether in Albanian KAPistall, KAPank'ner in Armenian.

So that the owl could indicate the bond, also political, the GOVernment, the basis of the roman/latin CIVitas.

The third sign, rather than a bread, might be the stylized picture of a millstone for grain, (pressum in Latin) whence P(R).

The last hieroglyph, which is found in many terms that relate to the Egyptian TOwn, could, in fact, indicate a TOwn. However, I believe that it is not the design of a plant town. Most likely has the meaning of all, full (latin TOTUM), and is used for "all the people", opposed to the individual. This is because the intersection indicates the arms crossed in the act of taking as much as possible (as I'll explain in a next page).

The meaning of Egypt would then be "all the governments of cities", ie a kind of federation or a kingdom.

Among the Sanskrit words, there is one that has a meaning close to that I suggested, the realm of just one (or absolute monarchy or supreme power), Aikapatya.

(as you can see in the on-line dictionary spokensanskrit.de Aikapatya)


hieroglyph WING


hieroglyph OWL


hieroglyph MILLSTONE


hieroglyph TOWN



















(Sans. aikya)


To be owner

(Sans. patiya)



(Sans. haya, that pushes)



(Sans. ghuka)



(Sans. Pid, to press)



(Sans. Daya, place)







We have seen that the Egyptian hieroglyph could have been a model of syllabic script and how the language of the ancient Egyptians could be related to the Sanskrit language.

Soon I will publish details of this hypothesis by showing many other hieroglyphs read in syllabic way, indicating their significance and proximity to Sanskrit terms

Three Doshas, their fifteen subdoshas, innate Dosha balance in the individual (prakriti), and Dosha imbalances (vikriti) are scientifically valid. - Spiritual Sports Medicine & Nutrition/Dragonfly Kingdom Library at Dragonfly Kingdom International Service

Posted on May 3, 2021 at 6:55 AM Comments comments ()


In traditional Ayurdev, basic concepts such as Tridosa are introduced didactically. Students of Ayurdeva learn to appreciate their practical value through experience; their validity is empirical. In an age where validity of concepts is judged by their scientific relevance, establishing the scientific validity of Tridosha is a program of significance. It requires translating concept and practical application into the idiom of modern biology and medicine. Four different complementary approaches have been proposed to do so: factor analysis of human physiology; systems analysis of organism function; correlation of Dosha and genomic variations - Ayugenomics; and correlation of Dosha and cellular function. Together these four independent approaches present compelling evidence that the family of Dosha based, Ayurveda fundamental concepts - the three Doshas, their fifteen subdoshas, innate Dosha balance in the individual (prakriti), and Dosha imbalances (vikriti) are scientifically valid. This paper concerns the first three. (I) The systems approach shows how Tridosha applies to every living organism from the first cells, and how it is inherited and diversified in the history of life. (2) Ayugenomics confirms Dosha's inheritance. (3) Each Dosha is responsible for regulating an essential aspect of organism function, connected to a recognised definition of life: Vata, Input/Output (homeostasis); Pitta, Turnover (negative entropy production); Kapha, Storage (inheritable structure).

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Meat consumption is associated with obesity and central obesity among US adults. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library/Underground Intelligence Muscle & Fitness

Posted on May 3, 2021 at 12:35 AM Comments comments ()





Meats are high in energy and fat content, and thus may be associated with higher risk of obesity. Many controversies remain regarding the association between meat consumption (MC) and obesity.



The aim of this study was to analyze the associations between MC and obesity assessed using body mass index (BMI≥30) and waist circumference (≥102 cm in men and ≥88 cm in women) among US adults.

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Nationally representative data collected in the 1999–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used. Linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted to test the associations between MC and adiposity measures controlling for potential confounders.



Considerable differences existed in MC across sociodemographic groups among US adults. Those who consumed more meat had a much higher daily total energy intake, for example, those in the upper vs bottom quintiles consumed around 700 more kcal day−1 (P<0.05). Regression models showed consistent positive associations between MC and BMI, waist circumference, obesity and central obesity, respectively. Using quintile 1 (low MC) as the reference, the association (odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI)) between total MC quintiles and obesity were 1.03 (0.88; 1.21; 2nd quintile), 1.17 (1.00; 1.38), 1.27 (1.08; 1.51) and 1.27 (1.08; 1.49;upper quintile), respectively; whereas that with central obesity was 1.13 (0.96–1.33), 1.31 (1.10; 1.54), 1.36 (1.17–1.60) and 1.33 (1.13; 1.55), respectively.



These US national cross-sectional data show positive associations between MC and risk for obesity and central obesity..........

Indexed for NIH by Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Full study at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2697260/

Yoga improves mitochondrial health and reduces severity of autoimmune inflammatory arthritis: A randomized controlled trial. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 28, 2021 at 8:45 AM Comments comments ()


Background: Oxidative stress (OS) and mitochondrial alterations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Various environmental triggers like air pollutants, smoking, unhealthy social habits and sedentary lifestyle induce OS, which may compromise mitochondrial integrity. This trial was designed to explore the effect of 8-weeks yoga practice on mitochondrial health and disease severity in an active RA group compared with a usual-care control group.


Methods: A total of 70 subjects were randomized into two groups: yoga group and non-yoga group. Mitochondrial health was assessed by calculation of mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNA-CN), OS markers, mitochondrial activity, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), circadian rhythm markers and transcripts associated with mitochondrial integrity: AMPK, TIMP-1, KLOTHO, SIRT-1, and TFAM. Parameters of disease activity and disability quotient were also assessed by disease activity score - erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) and health assessment questionnaire-disability index (HAQ-DI), respectively.


Results: In yoga group, there was a significant upregulation of mtDNA-CN, mitochondrial activity markers, ΔΨm, and transcripts that maintain mitochondrial integrity after 8-weeks of yoga. There was optimization of OS markers, and circadian rhythm markers post 8-weeks practice of yoga. Yoga group participants showed significant improvements in DAS28-ESR (p < 0.05) and HAQ-DI (p < 0.05) over the non-yoga group.


Conclusion: Adoption of yoga by RA patients holds the key to enhance mitochondrial health, improve circadian rhythm markers, OS marker regulation, upregulation of transcripts that maintain mitochondrial integrity, reduce disease activity and its associated consequences on health outcome and hence can be beneficial as an adjunct therapy.

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


A two-year follow-up case of chronic fatigue syndrome: substantial improvement in personality following a yoga-based lifestyle intervention. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 28, 2021 at 7:10 AM Comments comments ()


Background and objective: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is characterized by excessive fatigue after minimal physical or mental exertion, muscle and joint pain, poor concentration, dizziness, and sleep disturbances. We report here the effect of a yoga-based lifestyle intervention in a 30-year old male patient with a documented diagnosis of CFS with compromised quality of life (QoL) and altered personality.


Methods: The patient initially attended a short-term yoga-based lifestyle intervention program that consisted of yoga-postures, breathing exercises (pranayama), meditation, group discussions, and individualized advice on stress management, diet and physical activity besides group support. Thereafter, patient attended 5 more such programs.


Results: There was a notable and consistent improvement in his clinical profile, positive aspects of personality and subjective well-being, and reduction in anxiety following this yoga-based lifestyle intervention.


Conclusion: Overall, the results suggest that lifestyle intervention may improve clinical condition and personality in patients with CFS.

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Attention Restoration Therapy has emphasized the importance of cognitive functions from interaction with natural environments such as forests. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 28, 2021 at 6:55 AM Comments comments ()


The aim of this study was to investigate whether forest experience had a positive impact on cognitive function. Cognitive function refers to a person's ability to intellectually process by which one becomes aware of, perceives, or comprehends ideas. It involves all aspects of perception, thinking, reasoning, and remembering. Sixty university students participated in this study. We compared the restorative effects on cognitive functioning of interactions with forest versus urban environments. To measure participants’ cognitive function and mood state, Trail Making Test B and Profile of Mood States were used in this study. The results of this study indicated that participants’ cognitive function was significantly improved when they walked in forest (i.e. time taken to complete the task was shortened by more than 7 seconds), but not when they walked downtown. In addition, participants’ mood also positively changed when they walked in forest. The results of this study confirmed Kaplan's attention restoration theory (ART). ART has emphasized the importance of cognitive functions from interaction with natural environments such as forests...,

Indexed for Taylor & Francis by Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Integrated medicine performed in a green environment is potentially useful for the emotional and spiritual well-being of cancer patients. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 28, 2021 at 6:55 AM Comments comments ()

PMID: 23452710

DOI: 10.1016/j.explore.2012.12.002


Background: Psycho-oncological care, including spiritual care, is essential for cancer patients. Integrated medicine, a therapy combining modern western medicine with various kinds of complementary and alternative medicine, can be appropriate for the spiritual care of cancer because of the multidimensional characteristics of the spirituality. In particular, therapies that enable patients to establish a deeper contact with nature, inspire feelings of life and growth of plants, and involve meditation may be useful for spiritual care as well as related aspects such as emotion. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of spiritual care of cancer patients by integrated medicine in a green environment.


Methods: The present study involved 22 cancer patients. Integrated medicine consisted of forest therapy, horticultural therapy, yoga meditation, and support group therapy, and sessions were conducted once a week for 12 weeks. The spirituality (the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual well-being), quality of life (Short Form-36 Health Survey Questionnaire), fatigue (Cancer Fatigue Scale), psychological state (Profile of Mood States, short form, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and natural killer cell activity were assessed before and after intervention.


Results: In Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual well-being, there were significant differences in functional well-being and spiritual well-being pre- and postintervention. This program improved quality of life and reduced cancer-associated fatigue. Furthermore, some aspects of psychological state were improved and natural killer cell activity was increased.


Conclusions: It is indicated that integrated medicine performed in a green environment is potentially useful for the emotional and spiritual well-being of cancer patients.

Indexed for NIH Pubmed by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


Coping with Technostress: Spending time in nature heals the body and the soul. It reduces blood pressure, lowers heart rate, relaxes muscles, and lowers the stress hormones. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 28, 2021 at 5:55 AM Comments comments ()

Humans have spent most of their history living in the natural world. Contemporary industrialized societies have created artificial workspaces. Our constant need to be connected to social media has tied to us to technology. Our exhaustion has resulted in many sedentary hours watching our devices, possibly while we consume unhealthy snacks. These joys and ills of contemporary life combine to increase stress levels to unhealthy levels. Social and cultural change related to an increasing dependence on computers has led to an associated increase in “technostress.” This term first coined in the 1980s by Brod (1984) focuses on the ways that increase in exposure to technology and long hours spent on the computer has increased people’s stress levels and lowered well-being. It is not surprising that people spend their vacations attempting to reconnect with nature. A week at the beach, or on a lake, or in the mounts, is healing and restorative. Why do psychologists and physicals not make greater use of this free therapeutic method accessible to everyone? Research tells us that exposure to natural settings helps restore a person to a state of relaxation.

There has been some attention to various ways that nature can “heal.” Forest therapy, for example, called “Shinrin-yoku” in Japan, focuses on engaging the senses and taking in the “forest.” It is a health promotion method that has shown that a natural forest environment can improve well-being. Studies indicated that simply walking in a forest environment for a 15-minute tended to induce an increased state of physiological relaxation (Song, Ikei, Park, Lee, Kagawa, & Miyazaki, 2018; Tsunetsugu, Park, Ishii, Hirano, Kagawa, and Miyazaki, 2007). In fact, more than 30 years ago, the Japanese government introduced “forest bathing,” encouraging people to go into the countries woods for therapy (Hansen, Jobes, & Tocchini, 2017).

Not everyone has easy access to mountains and lakes, however, even for those living in urban spaces can improve their well-being by spending 30 minutes in a park or community garden. Having regular access to a green space even increases longevity (United States Department of Agriculture, 2018). By contrast, nature deprivation is negatively impacting the health and happiness of people of all ages. The epidemic increase in stress-related illnesses, depression, and anxiety is partially associated with our increasing alienation from nature.

Unless one chose to live off the grid it is impossible to avoid some hours of life spent in an artificial setting, tied to technological devices.

Techno-stress affects most of us (Fisher & Riedl, 2017). Techno-stress can be understood from a well-known psychological theory describing stress management........

What Is Para And Apara Vidya? - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 18, 2021 at 9:25 AM Comments comments ()

Apr 03, 2013, 18:22 IST

Para and Apara vidya

Blog by Dr Rekha Ramankutty

There are two categories of knowledge, declares the Rishi of Mundaka Upanishad- knowledge of the world and knowledge of the inner world, material knowledge (apara vidya) and spiritual knowledge (para vidya). The same thing has again been taken up in the Chandogya Upanishad by sage Narada Muni and Sanatkumara. In fact both ought to be acquired and both are equally important. Nor are they mutually exclusive. One is incomplete without the other. This has been very strongly emphasized by the Isa Upanishad.]


“The higher (para) and the lower knowledge (apara), or the knowledge of the spirit and the knowledge of matter, both ought to be acquired, so say those who know Brahman (Supreme Spirit),” declared the sage Angirasa to Saunaka when the latter approached him as a disciple.


All the Vedas, grammar, philosophy, astronomy, astrology and all such knowledge falls in the category of apara or lower learning. That knowledge by which Brahman (Supreme Soul) is known, that by which, the unseen and the unknown, the one eternal all-pervasive Being is known, is the para or higher learning.




Narada once approached the sage Sanatkumara and requested him to show the path of knowledge. Sanatkumara said, “Let me first know what you have already learnt. I shall then teach you something further than that.”




Narada then said, “Sir, I have learnt the Rg-Veda, the Yajur-Veda, the Sama-Veda, the Atharva-Veda, history and traditional stories which are together called the fifth Veda, the method of remembering and repeating the Vedas, the technique of Shraddha ceremony, grammar, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, science of augury, jugglery, logic, ethics, information about different gods who represent different forces or powers, science of animals, science of war, and so on. But, Sir, I feel that I merely know the Mantras or potent words but I do not know the Atman or the soul or the spirit of things. I have heard from men like you that he who knows the Atman goes beyond all sorrow. Sir, I am full of sorrow and grief and remorse. I hope and believe that you will be able to lead me out of all these by favouring me with real knowledge.”




“Dear Narada, all that you have known is but mere name and verbiage, mere words. You can by your present knowledge achieve only what words can achieve and nothing more.”




“What is it that is greater than name and words? Please teach me that,” said Narada.


“Yes, the power of speech is greater than words. If there had been no power of speech there would have been no words, no Vedas, no truth or untruth, no religion or irreligion, no good or bad.”




“Is there anything still greater than the power of speech?” queried Narada


“Certainly. Mind is greater. It is the mind that is conscious of both the word and the power of speech. When a man decided that he should learn the Mantras, he learns them. Otherwise not. When he thinks he ought to do a thing, he does it, not otherwise.




“Is there anything greater than the mind?”


“Why not? The will is greater than the mind. If there is no will, nothing happens. It is the will that holds all things together.”




“What is greater than the will?”


“Consciousness is greater than the will. It is consciousness that begets mental activity. Then there is the will that impels the mind to think. Speech follows and words take shape. If a man’s consciousness is not concentrated, he is not alert and he cannot do things.”




“Dear Sir, is there anything that is greater than consciousness?”


“Of course, there is. Meditation is greater than mere consciousness. Even the earth and the sky and the mountains are, as it were, meditating and therefore standing firm and steady. If there were no meditation, nothing would stand firm and steady.”




“Please tell me if there is something which is greater than meditation.”


“Yes, the power of understanding is greater than meditation. Good and bad, truth and untruth, the Vedas and Puranas, this world and the next, all these can be known only if there is the power of understanding.”




“Is there anything still greater than understanding?”


“Yes, dear friend. Power is greater than mere understanding. A single powerful man inspires fear into a hundred men with brains and understanding. When a man with physical power gets up and goes about, when he becomes learned, when he becomes a seer, a thinker, a doer of things, becomes a man of understanding, he is greater than all. It is power that supports the earth, the sky, the mountains, the beasts and men and gods and everything that exists on earth or in heaven.”




“Is there anything that is greater than physical power?”


“Yes, food is greater. If a man does not eat ten days he may die, or even if he lives, he may lose his powers of speech, of action, of hearing, and of thinking. When he begins to take food his powers return to him.”




“Is there anything greater than food?”


“Yes, water is greater. If there are no rains then no food grows. For want of water all living beings would fade away. When there are rains all animals are quite happy.”




“What is greater than water?”


“Heat or light is greater. If there were no heat, the water from the earth would not evaporate and there would be no rain without evaporation.”




“What is greater than heat?”


“Akasha or space is greater. It is in akasha or space that all things happen. The sun and the moon and the worlds float about in space. Space is the cause of sound waves that makes hearing possible.”




“What is greater than space?”


“Well, there is the Atman, the spirit. That is the substratum of everything else.”


“Man is always impelled to do things on account of the joy or the pleasure that he gets out of the things that he does. No one acts or does anything unless by some kind of pleasure or joy. And joy consists in abundance, not in want. It is infinity and not limitation that can give joy. That infinity can be realized only by living a unitary life and not by living a life impeded by a sense of separation or isolation or limitation.




When a man sees not anything but One, hears not and knows not anything but the one Atman, he is experiencing infinity. When a man only sees and knows merely things other than the Atman, it is misery and sorrow that follow. The abundant and the infinite are immortal while things limited are mortal. The spirit lives by its own power and exists by its own support and greatness. Those who have realized the spirit are great on account of self-possession and not on account of the possession of houses and cows, servants and lands.




“The spirit pervades the four quarters. It is up above as well as down below. It is called the Atman. He who knows this Atman is absorbed in it. He sports with it, he enjoys its company as that of a mate. He is full of joy. He is his own monarch and fully self-possessed and self-controlled.




“This realization of the spirit can dawn upon us when our mind is clean and pure. Our minds would be clean and pure when we feed upon pure food. A clean and pure mind alone can concentrate upon truth. Truth then will shine in the heart of hearts like the rising sun.”



That is para vidya or spiritual realization that bestows immortality and eternal bliss. 

Indexed for Speaking Tree India by Dragonfly Kingdom Library


A radical pro-nature social change in human thinking is becoming necessary with a systematic increase in mechanised living or 'technophilia', which is the direct opposite of 'biophilia'. - Dragonfly Kingdom Library

Posted on April 17, 2021 at 4:55 AM Comments comments ()

Spiritual factor of the Construction workplace

Findings from Diamond (2004) and Prins et al. (2011) identify the spiritual aspect of the construction workplace as an aspect that involves the beneficial filtering and dispersal of debilitating negative energies in the interaction of the workplace environment with humans, animals, plants, nature and the entire ecosystem. The aim of this is achieving successful outcomes of the project and in the organisation. These outcomes, according to evidence from research findings, involve the introduction of technologies onsite to improve the usability and versatility of the workplace for a non-fatal, timely and cost-effective intervention (Hauser et al. 2013). Finneran and Gibb (2013) state that the prevalence of such a travesty of nature could impact on the ecopsychology and the ecological ethos such as the morality, idea and attitude of the entire human ecosystem of the construction workplace and environs to the detriment of all stakeholders involved. Diamond (2004) demonstrates with practical evidence, and in harmony with a range of research findings (Bender 2007), that the solution would involve the introduction of the positive vital life force inherent in the spirit of the collaborative and therapeutic wellness interventions of both fengshui and biophilic design concept of the workplace.....

Excerpt from Ergonomic realities of a Biophilic Construction Site Model.