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The Doctrine of Dependent Origination as Basis for a Paradigm of Human-Nature Relationship of Responsibility and Accountability
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The Elements, in many philosophies and religious views, are said to be the simplest essential parts and principles of which everything consists. In ancient thought (such as the Greek, Hindu and Buddhist) there is reference to four elements (Earth, Water, Air, and Fire), sometimes including a fifth element or quintessence called Aether or Akasa (space). The Chinese had a somewhat different series of elements, namely Fire, Earth, Metal, Water and Wood, which were understood as different types of energy in a state of constant interaction and flux with one another, rather than the notion of different kinds of material. In the Theosophical literature there is mention to one ultimate element that differentiate in seven, although only four are completely manifested at this stage of evolution.
1 Elements in Theosophy
1.1 The One Element
1.2 Manifestation of the elements
2 In Hinduism
3 In Buddhism
3.1 The element or "dhatu"
4 In Greek philosophy
5 In Chinese philosophy
Elements in Theosophy
The Theosophical view maintains that there are seven fundamental elements in nature, which are differentiations of the one element. These seven elements do not manifest on all the planes simultaneously, but progressively as evolution goes on.
The One Element
In The Mahatma Letters, Master KH writes about one element, which is the homogeneous basis of all:
There is but one element and it is impossible to comprehend our system before a correct conception of it is firmly fixed in one's mind. You must therefore pardon me if I dwell on the subject longer than really seems necessary. But unless this great primary fact is firmly grasped the rest will appear unintelligible. This element then is the — to speak metaphysically — one sub-stratum or permanent cause of all manifestations in the phenomenal universe.
This element is sometimes called Svābhāvat:
You will have first of all to view the eternal Essence, the Swabavat, not as a compound element you call spirit-matter, but as the one element for which the English has no name. It is both passive and active, pure Spirit Essence in its absoluteness, and repose, pure matter in its finite and conditioned state
The one element penetrates the whole space and, in fact, is space itself:
We recognise but one element in Nature (whether spiritual or physical) outside which there can be no Nature since it is Nature itself, and which as the akasa pervades our solar system, every atom being part of itself pervades throughout space and is space in fact, which pulsates as in profound sleep during the pralayas, and [is] the universal Proteus, the ever active Nature during the manwantaras. . . . Consequently spirit and matter are one, being but a differentiation of states not essences.
The great difficulty in grasping the idea in the above process lies in the liability to form more or less incomplete mental conceptions of the working of the one element, of its inevitable presence in every imponderable atom, and its subsequent ceaseless and almost illimitable multiplication of new centres of activity without affecting in the least its own original quantity.
The one element not only fills space and is space, but interpenetrates every atom of cosmic matter.
This one element is the origin of the different elements known by the ancients:
If the student bears in mind that there is but One Universal Element, which is infinite, unborn, and undying, and that all the rest — as in the world of phenomena — are but so many various differentiated aspects and transformations (correlations, they are now called) of that One, from Cosmical down to microcosmical effects, from super-human down to human and sub-human beings, the totality, in short, of objective existence — then the first and chief difficulty will disappear and Occult Cosmology may be mastered.
Metaphysically and esoterically there is but One ELEMENT in nature, and at the root of it is the Deity; and the so-called seven elements, of which five have already manifested and asserted their existence, are the garment, the veil, of that deity; direct from the essence whereof comes MAN, whether physically, psychically, mentally or spiritually considered.
The ancients speak of the five cognizable elements of ether, air, water, fire, earth, and of the one incognizable element (to the uninitiates) the 6th principle of the universe — call it Purush Sakti, while to speak of the seventh outside the sanctuary was punishable with death. But these five are but the differentiated aspects of the one.
Manifestation of the elements
The process of cosmic manifestation proceeds gradually, manifesting six of these elements one after the other. Stanza VI.3 says:
Of the Seven (elements)—first one manifested, six concealed; two manifested—five concealed; three manifested—four concealed; four produced—three hidden; four and one tsan (fraction) revealed—two and one half concealed; six to be manifested—one laid aside.
Mme. Blavatsky applies this sloka to the manifestation of the elements on the lowest plane, one at a time, with the succession of Rounds:
Although these Stanzas refer to the whole Universe after a Mahapralaya (universal destruction), yet this sentence, as any student of Occultism may see, refers also by analogy to the evolution and final formation of the primitive (though compound) Seven Elements on our Earth. Of these, four elements are now fully manifested, while the fifth—Ether—is only partially so, as we are hardly in the second half of the Fourth Round, and consequently the fifth Element will manifest fully only in the Fifth Round.
Occult Science recognises Seven Cosmical Elements—four entirely physical, and the fifth (Ether) semi-material, as it will become visible in the air towards the end of our Fourth Round, to reign supreme over the others during the whole of the Fifth. The remaining two are as yet absolutely beyond the range of human perception. These latter will, however, appear as presentments during the 6th and 7th Races of this Round, and will become known in the 6th and 7th Rounds respectively. These seven elements with their numberless Sub-Elements far more numerous than those known to Science) are simply conditional modifications and aspects of the ONE and only Element.
Four elements only are generally spoken of in later antiquity, five admitted only in philosophy. For the body of ether is not fully manifested yet, and its noumenon is still “the Omnipotent Father—Æther, the synthesis of the rest.”
The succession of primary aspects of Nature with which the succession of Rounds is concerned, has to do, as already indicated, with the development of the “Elements” (in the Occult sense)—Fire, Air, Water, Earth. We are only in the fourth Round, and our catalogue so far stops short.
The ordering of the elements mentioned by Mme. Blavatsky coincides with the degree of their spiritual quality. In a letter to Alfred Percy Sinnett, Mahatma K.H. wrote about:
. . . the principles of earth, water, air, fire and ether (akasa) following the order of their spirituality and beginning with the lowest.
The elements can also be seen as the objective aspect of the seven Dhyani-Buddhas:
“These Brâhmanas (the Rishi Prajâpati?), the creators of the world, are born here (on earth) again and again. Whatever is produced from them is dissolved in due time in those very five great elements (the five, or rather seven, Dhyani Buddhas, also called “Elements” of Mankind), like billows in the ocean. These great elements are in every way beyond the elements that make up the world (the gross elements). And he who is released even from these five elements (the tanmâtras) goes to the highest goal.”
Hindus believe that all of creation, including the human body, is made up of these five essential elements (Mahābhūtas) and that upon death, the human body dissolves into these five elements of nature, thereby balancing the cycle of nature. These "five great elements" (panchamahābhūtas) are (in order of increasing subtlety):
1- Earth (pṛithvī or bhūmi)
2- Water (apa or jala)
3- Fire (tejas or agni)
4- Air or wind (vāyu)
5- Aether or space (akash).
The five great elements originate from the five tanmatra (subtle essences).
The element or "dhatu"
The teaching about the existence of one single element, eternal and immutable, is not prevalent within Buddhism, which generally postulates Śūnyatā (emptiness) as the ultimate reality. However, as David Reigle has shown, the Jonangpa school of Tibetan Buddhism holds this teaching. He writes:
The key term in Maitreya's Ratna-gotra-vihhaga is dhātu, or element. It is described in the following important verse:
It is not born, does not die, is not afflicted, and does not grow old, because it is permanent (nitya/rtag-pa), stable (dhruva/brtan-pa), quiescent (siva/zhi-ba), and eternal (sasvata/g.yung-drung). Ratna-gotra-vibhaga or Uttara-tantra, by Maitreya, verse 80.
As noted earlier, this one thing, dhatu or element, may be called tathagata-garbha or Buddha-nature when obscured, and dharma-kaya or body of the law when unobscured.....
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Scientists suspect that one element of the obesity epidemic is that the brains of obese people respond differently to images of delicious, calorically dense foods. Obese individuals’ brains seem to light up at the sight of donuts, pizza, and other calorie bombs, even when they’re no longer hungry.
Some studies have suggested that this heightened activity might predispose people to overeating. Today, nearly 40 percent of American adults are obese, and obesity is predicted to become the leading cause of cancer among Americans, replacing smoking, within five or 10 years. (It’s still not clear yet which comes first—the obesity or the overactive brain activity.) “Part of the reason for the obesity epidemic is that people eat when they’re not hungry,” says Elizabeth Lawson, an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a neuroendocrinologist at Massachusetts General Hospital.
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DNA genetic analysis proves link between Ancient Polynesians and Indigenous South Americans. Source: Ruben Ramos-Mendoza / Nature
8 JULY, 2020 - 22:59 ED WHELAN
Genetic Analysis Shows Early Contact Between South Americans and Polynesians
New evidence is emerging about the links between Polynesian and South American populations in the Pacific before the arrival of the Europeans. The theory that South Americans first colonized Easter Island, and other islands, was often considered to be faintly ridiculous. However new genetic studies show that it may be partly true. It appears that Polynesians met South Americans around 1150 AD. This could radically transform the history of the Pacific and also that of Latin America.
In 1947 the famous Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl, in his craft the Kon-Tiki, sailed from Peru to Polynesia. This was a remarkable journey and made Heyerdahl world famous. This journey was also an attempt to prove his migration theory. The Norwegian argued that “Polynesia was initially populated by South Americans,” according to Nature. For decades, this idea has not been taken seriously in the academic community.
Evidence of Pre-Colombian Contact
However, evidence has emerged that appears to prove that there were some pre-Columbian contacts between South America and Polynesia. Scientists found that the sweet potatoes found on many Pacific Islands originated on the continent of America. They then made their way across Polynesia roughly a millennium ago. The National Geographic reports that “the Polynesian name for the root vegetable— kuumala—resembles its names in the Andean Quechua language: kumara and cumal.” On the other hand, the birdman competition that used to take place on Rapa Nui, another name for Easter Island, has similarities to cultic practices from South America. These similarities persuaded a team of geneticists to examine if there was any genetic link between the two populations separated by thousands of miles of Pacific Ocean .
An earlier 2014 study had found that some inhabitants of Rapa Nui had genes that were inherited from indigenous South Americans . However, the latest study decided to collect samples from seventeen Pacific island communities and fifteen Native American populations from the Pacific coast of South America to detect any genetic signatures to demonstrate historic contacts with Latin America. The National Geographic quotes Andrés Moreno-Estrada, a Mexican geneticist, as saying that “previous studies have been only focusing on the possibility of [Rapa Nui] being the point of contact” and his team wanted to explore other possibilities.
Genetic analysis appears to prove that Polynesians have genetic roots tracing back to diverse regions across the Pacific and the Americas, denoting the mixed origin of the population. (Ruben Ramos-Mendoza / Nature)
Genetic analysis appears to prove that Polynesians have genetic roots tracing back to diverse regions across the Pacific and the Americas, denoting the mixed origin of the population. (Ruben Ramos-Mendoza / Nature)
Genetic Analysis: Relationship Between Polynesians and Native South Americans
According to Nature News and Views , the teams' research involved comparing the “dominant Polynesian DNA markers with those of people from other regions.” Their findings were analyzed using ADMIXTURE software which allowed them to identify the genes of a person and their geographic origins. What they discovered was amazing.
Genetic analysis of genetic evidence appears to prove that Polynesians are related to present-day Indigenous people, especially from the coast of Colombia and Ecuador. Interestingly, the DNA study concludes that the earliest contact was on Fatu Hiva, an island in the South Marquesas islands, sometime around 1150 AD, and not Rapa Nui which is much closer to the coast of South America . “Their model suggests that the mixed population then spread from central-eastern Polynesia around AD 1200,” explains Nature News and Views in discussing the research conducted by Ioannidis et al..
Moai statues at the Rano Raraku site on Easter Island (Javier Blanco / Nature)
Did Contact First Occur on Easter Island?
It appears that Rapa Nui, or Easter Island, itself was not the initial point of contact between the two populations. This is surprising because Rapa Nua is far closer to South America. However, “That’s where the winds and currents will take you if you’re drifting,” explains one of the study’s lead authors, Alexander Ioannidis of Stanford University, in the Smithsonian. It is possible that they were cast ashore on Fata Hiva where they either met Polynesians who already lived there or who arrived after them.
Nature News and Views reports that genetic evidence points to “another independent connection with Native South Americans took place on Rapa Nui” sometime in the 14 th century. This is an important finding as it coincides with the development of new stone working styles and the emergence of monumental works on the island. The genetic evidence would seem to confirm earlier theories that there was cultural contact between South Americans and Polynesians.
DNA Study reveals connection between Brazil and Polynesia. Well, how?
However, the authors are cautious about such a theory. Their article in Nature explains that the admixture evident “is likely to have originated from a contact event, not on Rapa Nui, but somewhere upstream in the Polynesian settlement process.” Therefore, the genetic admixture seen in Easter Islanders was as a result of the mixture of Polynesians and Native American genes rather than direct contact. The Smithsonian quotes Paul Wallin, who examined the study’s results, as saying that “the surprising thing is that the Rapa Nui admixture happened later, although the cultural impact might have been stronger there than in other parts of East Polynesia.”
Polynesian Visitors of South America
This research raises the question of whether the Polynesians, who were amazing navigators, reached the coast of Latin America or did South Americans travelled west. Ioannidis states that “I favor the Polynesian theory since we know that the Polynesians were intentionally exploring the ocean and discovering some of the most distant Pacific islands around exactly the time of contact”, reports the Jerusalem Post . This argument suggests that the ancestors of modern-day Pacific Islanders visited coastal Ecuador or Columbia. It is possible that “a group of Polynesian people voyaged to northern South America and returned together with some Native American individuals, or with Native American admixture,” explain the researchers in Nature.
The latest findings would seem to be aligned with the various linguistic and other evidence that supports the theory of contact between Polynesians and Native Americans. More archaeological and other studies are needed to prove and to clarify the links. What is apparent is that we need to rethink our understanding of the history of the Pacific.
The full paper is available from Nature.
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Bananas Helped Ancient Lapita Culture Colonize Oceania
Scientists studying the teeth of the ancient Lapita people of Oceania , have found evidence that they survived on bananas, along with seeds and other fruits. This discovery is helping researchers to...
Ruins of Malden Island and The Mysterious Roads that Lead into the Sea
Malden is a tiny, island in the central Pacific Ocean, covering about 15 square miles in area. It is one of the Line Islands belonging to the Republic of Kiribati and while there are no resident...
Pukao Study Claims Easter Island had a Cooperative Community Not A Warrior Culture
Analysis of these giant stone hats found on Rapa Nui, Chile (Easter Island) provides evidence contrary to the widely held belief that the ancient civilization had a warrior culture. According to a...
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Etymology: Sahaja, Naturalness
The term ‘Sahaja’ has been translated to mean “spontaneous” and “natural”. Etymologically, it derives from “saha” – which means ‘together’ and “ja” – which means “to be born.”
Therefore, the direct translation is “born together” or “emerged together.”
b) The Significance of Sahaja
So, in this case, the understatement is the fundamental idea that the Spiritual freedom, the Liberation is not “something” (an energy or a reality) external to us. The Liberation and our being “come into being” or “get born” together. On the other hand, sahaja suggests that samsara (the manifested world) and nirvana (the transcendent reality) are “born together” and, therefore, there must be a common underlying background where they originally came from and where they coexist.
The individual (the subject or experiencer) who succeeds to remain in the Spiritual Heart gets to actually live in the Reality revealed to him not only in ecstatic meditations, in nirvana, but also in the world – samsara. Thus, samsara becomes integral part of the Reality. The wisdom of maintaining the true natural spontaneity or sahaja was termed, in Buddhism, “the direct spiritual path” (uju-patha) or “the royal path” (raja-patha). The dzogchen tradition terms it as the Natural State.
Unlike the states of cosmic consciousness or samadhi , experienced only in meditation, sahaja brings this realization down to the level of the physical body and of the material world. In this process, the hatha yoga practices have their own importance.
The Yoga of the Spiritual Heart includes methods and techniques focused on favoring the awakening and expression of the state of sahaja, naturalness (natural simplicity).
c) The reconciliation of opposites
Once we have the intuition of eternity, we start to have a different attitude toward what is not permanent, toward the ephemeral or temporary. We start to perceive it also as an expression or manifestation of the Spiritual Heart. And then any and all oppositions between the Eternal and the ephemeral, between the Divine Oneness and the multiplicity of objects, cease to exist. Then, we exist at the same time as “I am” and “I become”, in the Absolute Reality of the Self and in everyday routine life. Meister Eckhart referred to this state by using the metaphor of “the hinge which remains fixed while the door is moving.”
The return, at all levels (physical, psychic, mental) to the state of perfect naturalness, sahaja, keeps us fixated within the unifying intuitive knowledge of the Reality.
This is also the message of the Yoga of the Spiritual Heart.
d) The Holistic vision
Through the practice of the Yoga of the Spiritual Heart, we open ourselves to sahaja, spontaneity, naturalness, freedom which radiate continuously from the Heart. The naturalness or candor of this feeling is expressed through essential simplicity. But this simplicity includes everything. It is a holistic vision, which means that it is non-dualistic and all-pervasive.
It is a pure feeling which comes from the Heart in each and every moment of life.
This feeling is detached and very intimate at the same time. It is the simplicity of the Witness Consciousness.
|Posted on October 3, 2020 at 1:05 PM||comments (0)|
Why Empaths Are Actually Allergic to Fake People
Empaths could be defined as one of the most wonderful species on earth. They utilize their special ability on identifying emotions of others to make critical and amazing changes in lives.
These empaths are much sensitive when compared to an average person. They are really honest and open.And cannot stand fake because they start sensing when someone is taking an approach with fake and bad intentions.
Their ability can never be switched off; so they tend to read the minds disregarding the liking of the other person. When a fake person is around; an empath knows it. It is really annoying and frustrating for them to be surrounded by such people; so they get rid of all the relationships with those ill hearted people who act out and keep lying for their personal gains. Simply empaths are allergic to all the shitty things committed by fake people.
Empaths have only little friend circles since they get rid of people who don’t expose their real nature. As a result only the essence get remained around them. Those remaining people a circle of support with lots of positive aura around empaths.
They love to help others but there is nothing that they can do when the other person doesn’t expose themselves.
As mentioned earlier; empaths are very different from all the other people on earth.Their thoughts are deep, intense and strong; and even the things they feel have the same qualities. If you are taking the approach like a polite gentlemen; but you have a negative aura with bad intentions; empaths start feeling nervous until you move away. That’s the scenario within them.
But finally it should be saidbeing an empath turns out to a double edged sword in some cases.
There is a lot more to being an empath than you might think. It is truly a double-edged sword sometimes.
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What is “Prana”?
“Prana”, also called universal energy, the energy of life, ki, qi, or divine energy, is the substance behind all creation.
It is the substance that allows objects to live in an inert state, as well as the essence of what makes living things live and move.
It is the one cosmic principle, the fundamental of life. Without it, nothing exists.
What evidence is there for the existence of Prana?
What is the most obvious evidence of prana?
On a scientific level, Kirlian photography which was discovered in 1939, shows that everything, even inanimate objects, have an aura that has nothing to do with lighting or a trick of the eyes. It is evidence that there is some ‘force’ within and behind things.
More concrete science that is publicly accepted, also points towards the existence of prana. On a subatomic level, electronics move with velocity. How do they move of their own accord and how do they seem to never run out of the energy that allows them to move? Electrons do borrow energy from one another, but if there were no sustained energy that was more particulate than the electron’s potential and kinetic energy, the universe would collapse from lack of energy as each electron would borrow from every other electron and everything would cease to exist.
There is also significant research that shows that one can observe the flow of prana, and even control its movement. “Energy healing” is a common practice today. The fundamental idea behind energy healing is that disease creates a state of low energy or prana in the diseased part of the body (or in the diseased mind or emotions), and that by guiding prana through subtle practice and concentration, one can intensely increase the rate of healing and even cure the disease. There is a lot of research that credits this theory.
The Spiritual Aspect of Prana – Its Origin and Purpose
How did prana come to be? Why does it exist?
It has been said, after deep contemplation by millions of people of the past and today, that the universe existed as a tiny contraction of existence no larger than a pin-point billions of years ago. This thinking is also mirrored by modern science in the ‘big bang theory’.
Prana existed in a state of non-activity and self-union. It was prana resting within itself, with no will or intention.
Then, at some point, this consciousness decided to express a will. It said something in the order of ‘I am one. Why not be many? I exist without movement. Why not move?
And so, there was an explosion of consciousness and the fabric of the universe expanded instantaneously to create creation. Prana started experiencing itself as myriad forms. By becoming many, it became self-cognizant, and fundamental meaning came into existence. For what Is the point of something capable of existing at all, if it cannot experience itself? It is like diamonds buried beneath the earth. Better it be on pendants and wedding rings.
The Spiritual Aspect of Prana – Conscious Spirituality
All forms of spirituality are an act of seeking. It is the seeking of prana to experience itself in a more deep and thorough way. Only through refining its self-consciousness can it give meaning to its own existence. That is the mystery of existence.
Those practices that deal directly with prana, such as Yoga or Qi Gong, seek to unite prana with itself in the most conscious way. They seek to first be aware of prana, then direct this awareness – which is nothing but prana in itself – towards prana more and more over time.
This results in ultimate self-cognizance. Illumination. Or from the perspective of the universal consciousness, self-illumination.
The Spiritual Aspect of Prana: Ancient Indian Texts and Traditions
Ancient Indian texts and understandings are very close to this practice and comprehension of spirituality.
They have many terms that do not exist in Western languages, for ascribing meaning and giving direction to aspirants who wish to be closer to the great mystery of the universe.
“Chitta” is the self-conscious aspect of prana. It is consciousness. It is the evolution of prana to the state where it can cognize itself. Prana is the substance of chitta. Chitta is beingness, awareness, and knowledge – the memory, present, and future of prana as self-awareness.
Both prana and consciousness must exist for life to exist. Prana on its own existed at some point. It was a state of existence where nobody lived. Then it became conscious of itself – and living beings were born. In between prana and chitta is “vasana” or desire. Without the desire to become self-aware, there would have been no direction in the evolution of prana that made it conscious. A living being is called a “prani”.
Humans as Prana
The quantum of prana of each individual is indicated by the power of their personality and depth of their souls – which is a direct reflection of their capacity to wield prana. Some people are more fascinating, commanding, and fascinating due to the level of their prana, the strength of their self-consciousness, and the length of the memory of their consciousness of themselves. This is not to be confused with ordinary memory, but the deeper memory of the soul wherein it remembers when it came to be and for how long it has been.
How is our Prana impacted by us?
Positive thoughts, higher emotions and yogic practices generate higher levels of Prana and obliterate pockets of low Prana in our systems.
On the other hand, negative or dull and repetitive thoughts, base emotions and heavy drinking or smoking or perverted sexual conduct greatly reduce our level of prana and create pockets of low prana that become blockages in our systems.
When the sexual urge and its energy are transformed from base carnal desire to love, Prana is conserved within our system and becomes ‘Ojas’ – a subtler form of energy. This energy accumulates in the brain and becomes a force for creative and spiritual development.
Yoga and the ‘Yogi’
In its essence, Yoga is a conscious attempt at connecting with spirit and transforming oneself into a more pranic being. Thus, there are many forms of Yoga – ‘bhakti’ or devotion, ‘karma yoga’ which has to do with performing acts in daily life that align oneself with prana and the higher principle of existence, ‘jnan’ yoga which involves meditating to directly illuminate the cosmic principle with one’s mind, and so on and so forth. A ‘yogi’ is one who practices some form of Yoga.
A yogi stores an abundance of prana within himself, just as a battery stores electricity.
The luminosity of his prana radiates strength, health and wellness to all around him.
Interactions of Prana in everyday life
At the material level one also receives prana from the environment – food, water, sun and the air.
Ancient Indian scriptures categorize foods by the quality of their prana. There are three kinds of food: sattvic, rajasic, and tamasic. Sattvic food has a neutral, healthy prana that nourishes the body deeply and affects the mind and emotions in a gentle, positive way. Tamasic foods have a less desirable amount of prana and affect the body-mind by dulling and slowing it. Rajasic foods also have less prana, but due to the way it impacts the body-mind, they are classified as foods that cause restlessness and agitation.
Pure air is essential not only for oxygen, but for the prana it provides.
The quality of air that one breathes affects one’s energy level directly.
The exhilaration and vitality one experiences near a waterfall or high in the mountains is because the quantum of prana in the air is significantly higher in these places.
On the other hand, when one is exposed to pollution or recycled or ‘canned’ air, the energy level quickly begins to decline.
Working with Prana
Prana is not received solely from external sources; it is also self-generated and its quality can be refined and directed. One can work with one’s own prana to enhance vitality and strength, cure diseases, boost capability and efficiency, and evolve to a higher consciousness.
The breath is the external manifestation of prana. A slower, longer exhalation indicates that prana is being more efficiently utilized by the body – more prana is being consumed from each atom of oxygen.
This is why yogic practices attach importance to different breathing practices, called ‘pranayama’.
The Brain and Prana
In the biological system, the brain uses the most prana. If the brain is not supplied sufficiently, the mind becomes restless and disturbed, constantly engaging in negative thoughts. This explains why when one is hungry or ill, one becomes irritable. The level of prana in the brain is greatly reduced.
As one works with prana through pranayama, its quality and quantum increases. The average human utilizes only one-tenth of his brain. Pranayama activates the dormant brain because huge amounts of prana are required to activate the whole brain and this practice is an enabler. Thus it awakens the genius in any individual.
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Temptation Cancun Resort welcomes you to experience an exhilarating take on the all inclusive holiday. A hip vibe is the hallmark of this beachfront, topless optional hotel where the vibrating, sexy and adults only atmosphere gets you totally invigorated and relaxed. Once again, we’re taking Temptation offshore to explore! Ladies and gentlemen, it’s show time! Innovation distinguishes between leaders and followers, and the Temptation Caribbean Cruise is no follower. We live and love to party, because we are the party, and this party just got naughty. We are SEXY BY NATURE, NAUGHTY BY CHOICE!
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Our resorts are adult Couples-Only and offer a fun and intimate experiene. Desire Riviera Maya and Desire Riviera Maya Pearl Resort are both located in Puerto Moreles, Mexico. Just 20 minutes south of Cancun! Guests can lose themselves on the exotic beaches of Puerto Morelos, as you and your partner immerse yourselves in a deliciously sensual ambiance, where inhibitions do not exist. From your arrival, feel an explosion of sexual energy, setting the perfect backdrop for a passion provoking experience. Desire Cruises will be rolling out the Red Carpet for the hottest cruise to have sailed the French Riviera. Lose yourself at sea aboard this clothing-optional, couples-only, sensual sanctuary at sea, where you and your partner can redefine the meaning of passion and enjoy adventures beyond seduction. In May 2020, departing from Nice, France, and culminating in Barcelona, Spain, this moving couple’s paradise offers a luxurious cruise program conceived to seduce the senses by providing exclusive amenities, including; the Premium Beverage Package, gourmet dining, first-class staterooms, provocative entertainment, and even features an erotic playroom, staying true to our collection’s unique atmosphere.
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In the yogic tradition, powers gained through use of mantras, amulets, or drugs are not regarded with as much respect, or considered to be as permanent, as those earned through dedicated meditative practice. The promise of these siddhi superpowers has little to do with traditional religious faith, divine intervention, or supernatural miracles. As Buddhist scholar Alan Wallace says,
“In Buddhism, these are not miracles in the sense of being supernatural events, any more than the discovery and amazing uses of lasers are miraculous— however they may appear to those ignorant of the nature and potentials of light. Such contemplatives claim to have realized the nature and potentials of consciousness far beyond anything known in contemporary science. What may appear supernatural to a scientist or a layperson may seem perfectly natural to an advanced contemplative, much as certain technological advances may appear miraculous to a contemplative.”
Yogic wisdom describes many variations of the siddhis. Today we’d associate the elementary siddhis with garden-variety psychic phenomena. They include telepathy (mind- to- mind communication); clairvoyance (gaining information about distant or hidden objects beyond the reach of the ordinary senses); precognition (clairvoyance through time), and psychokinesis (direct influence of matter by mind, also known as PK).
For most people, psychic abilities manifest spontaneously and are rarely under conscious control. The experiences tend to be sporadic and fragmentary, and the most dramatic cases occur mainly during periods of extreme motivation. By contrast, the siddhis are said to be highly reliable and under complete conscious control; as such they could be interpreted as exceedingly refined, well-cultivated forms of psychic phenomena.
The more advanced siddhis are said to include invisibility, levitation, invulnerability, and superstrength, abilities often associated with comic book superheroes. All these abilities are also described in one form or another in shamanism and in the mystical teachings of religions. In fact, most cultures throughout history have taken for granted that superpowers are real, albeit rare, and surveys today continue to show that the majority of the world’s population still firmly believes in one or more of these capacities.
|Posted on August 5, 2020 at 9:00 AM||comments (0)|
With the emergence of the science of heroism there now exists both theoretical and empirical literature on the characteristics of our everyday hero. We seek to expand this inquiry and ask what could be the causes and conditions of a superhero. To address this we investigate the origins of mindfulness, Buddhist psychology and the assertion that its practitioners who have attained expertise in mindfulness practices can develop supernormal capabilities. Examining first their foundational eight “jhana” states (levels of attention) and the six consequent “abhinnas” (siddhis or special abilities) that arise from such mental mastery, we then explore any evidence that mindfulness practices have unfolded the supernormal potential of its practitioners. We found a growing base of empirical literature suggesting some practitioners exhibit indicators of enhanced functioning including elevated physical health and resistance to disease, increased immunity to aging and improved cognitive processing, greater resilience and fearlessness, more self-less and pro-social behaviors, some control over normally autonomic responses, and possibly some paranormal functionality. These improvements in normal human functioning provide some evidence that there are practices that develop these abilities, and as such we might want to consider adopting them to develop this capability. There are however insufficient studies of expert meditators and more research of adepts is called for that explores the relationship between levels of attentional skill and increases in functionality. We propose in search of the superhero, that if conventional mindfulness training can already augment mental and physical capabilities, a more serious inquiry and translation of its advanced methods into mainstream psychological theory is warranted.
Keywords: mindfulness, heroism, superhero, superpowers, human potential, meditation, enlightenment, Buddhism
Whilst the study of the behaviors and attributes of heroes has undergone a renaissance in recent years (Allison and Goethals, 2013), the characteristics of a superhero has remained the stuff of fiction. What we are gathering about our everyday heroes however is certainly inspiring and seemingly within our grasp: they are characterized by prosocial activity, though sometimes contrary to the status quo (Staats et al., 2008) they share some but not all of the qualities of moral role models such as a respect for humanity; they have a willingness to act in accord with their own ideals; and they often sacrifice self-interest for the sake of others (Colby and Damon, 1992).
Yet while all of us appear intermittently capable of such heroic acts, we don't seem to have the ability to be consistently heroic (Walker et al., 2010), let alone be relied upon to save the world (Becker, 1973). In fact our choices usually depend upon the situation (Zimbardo, 2007) as it seems our character is often too fragmented (Doris, 2002) to be reliable (Fischer et al., 2006). However, when we do act heroically such behavior seems to contain three core elements: service to others; is voluntarily chosen; and it brings possible risk or cost to the individual (Franco and Zimbardo, 2006, 2011). Typically people we see as heroes are known for demonstrating outside the norm behaviors (Hakanen, 1989), and perhaps we might question if we could do the same, or at least be able to develop these attributes over time. However not much is known on what might be predictable developmental steps (Erikson, 1982) that create a hero (Baltes et al., 2006; Callina et al., 2016) and whether we could be trained as children or adults to predictably think and behave heroically...,
|Posted on July 20, 2020 at 7:00 AM||comments (0)|
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The orgone accumulator (ORAC) is a device, conceived by the Austrian scientist Wilhelm Reich in the 1940s, which he claimed would
concentrate a vital energy from the atmosphere. Reich ascertained the ORAC to be useful in medical therapies of several diseases, even
though the energy concentrated inside the accumulator could not be classified under any of the traditional known energies of the time.
In order to better understand ORAC’s effects on healthy people, 20 persons were considered for this study. They were treated inside the
device for 45 minutes. Body temperature and skin resistance on Electro Permeable Points (EPP) were measured, before and after ORAC
exposure, by a mercury thermometer, and by a Bio-Feedback (BFB) instrument (according to the Ryodoraku technique), respectively. Our
results showed a significant statistical difference of the pre- and post-ORAC exposure body temperature of 0.242 °C (p=0,006), evaluated
by the StudentT-test at a significance level of 0.05. Ryodoraku measurement variations were more complex to evaluate. Nevertheless these
latter results suggest the ORAC might have some effects on human health due to a parasympathetic nervous system activation which
cannot be considered only a result of a placebo effect.
INTRODUCTION: THE REICH
Orgonomy is the science developed by the Austrian
scientist Wilhelm Reich at the beginning of the
last century. The medical applications of Orgonomy
originate from natural healing processes related to a
cosmic vital energy, that Reich called orgone energy,
which could be concentrated within a special device
he invented called the orgone energy accumulator.
existence of such a cosmic vital energy was known
since ancient times.
2 In India, this energy was called
Prana, in the Jewish Kabbalah it was called Yesod or
Astral Light, a concept that the Cristian culture later
elaborated representing Jesus and the Saints
surrounded by a halo of yellow light, while the
Chinese called it Chi. Pythagoras around 500 BC
spoke about this energy as a luminous substance that
could produce different effects on the human
organism. Paracelsus many centuries later called it
Arqueo o Munia, defining it as a vital force and matter,
and comparing it to an irradiating essence with
beneficial effect on human health. Around 1730 AD
quite popular was Mesmer, a German physician who,
studying the therapeutic effects of magnets, came to
theorise the existence of a subtle fluid called Animal
Magnetism. Mesmer, according to the hypothesis of
Newton on the existence of an universal substance
(later called Ether) that acts as a medium through
which gravity and light could travel through,
conceived the presence of a invisible and imponderable
fluid, whose deficiency in the organism was
responsible for diseases. Later on Hahnemann
included Mesmerism amongst the methodologies
useful “to dynamically infuse vital energy to the ill”.
These vital energy effects have been prejudicially
dismissed by the medical community under the
category of the placebo effect....... http://journals.sfu.ca/seemj/index.php/seemj/article/viewFile/452/413