|Posted on May 31, 2022 at 7:45 AM|
Volume 146, January 2021, 106274
Plasticenta: First evidence of microplastics in human placenta
For the first time microplastics were detected by Raman microspectroscopy in human placentas.
Microplastics were found in all placental portions: maternal, fetal and amniochorial membranes.
Microplastics carry with them substances which acting as endocrine disruptors could cause long-term effects on human health.
Microplastics are particles smaller than five millimeters deriving from the degradation of plastic objects present in the environment. Microplastics can move from the environment to living organisms, including mammals. In this study, six human placentas, collected from consenting women with physiological pregnancies, were analyzed by Raman Microspectroscopy to evaluate the presence of microplastics. In total, 12 microplastic fragments (ranging from 5 to 10 μm in size), with spheric or irregular shape were found in 4 placentas (5 in the fetal side, 4 in the maternal side and 3 in the chorioamniotic membranes); all microplastics particles were characterized in terms of morphology and chemical composition. All of them were pigmented; three were identified as stained polypropylene a thermoplastic polymer, while for the other nine it was possible to identify only the pigments, which were all used for man-made coatings, paints, adhesives, plasters, finger paints, polymers and cosmetics and personal care products.
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